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Nutritional diet (diet) for hemiplegic patients

2017-08-05

Hemiplegia diet should pay attention to the following points: (1) sugar and energy The main function of sugar is the direct supply of energy, which can be directly used by all tissues of the human body, one fifth of the body's basic metabolic energy depends on the brain , While the brain's energy comes mainly from glucose and oxygen. The brain can not store any energy.Therefore, carbohydrate is very important for patients with cerebrovascular disease, should be adequate supply. Hematopoietic patients with acute cerebrovascular disease can provide monosaccharides and disaccharides daily. Such as: fruit, honey, sugar, milk and so on. These foods can be quickly converted to glucose, in order to maintain the brain tissue metabolism. If the supply is insufficient, will be accompanied by various symptoms, such as: pulse acceleration, anxiety, insanity, fatigue, etc., is not conducive to the recovery of limb function in hemiplegia patients. But the energy is too high will cause the body to increase adipose tissue, the formation of simple obesity. More adverse for cerebrovascular disease. ⑵ protein hemiplegia patients need more protein than healthy people, but also high-quality protein, protein can improve the body, especially the affected limbs and nutritional status, and high-quality protein can improve the elasticity of arteries. Protein-rich foods are soybeans, eggs, fish, poultry and so on. Daily intake of 30-50 grams of soy protein, can significantly reduce the harmful serum total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol. ⑶ fat and fatty acid fat is our daily life of animal and vegetable oil. Such as: lard, butter, vegetable oil, peanut oil, soybean oil and so on. At room temperature was solid called fat, was liquid called oil. Fatty acid is the main component of fat composition, according to the chemical structure of ①, saturated fatty acids ②, monounsaturated fatty acids ③, polyunsaturated fatty acids. Our daily intake of fatty acids comes from two aspects: one is animal food and a variety of meat, mainly saturated fatty acids; all kinds of fish contain more polyunsaturated fatty acids; beans and cereals containing monounsaturated fatty acid. Second, cooking oil, such as peanut oil, soybean oil and so on. Monounsaturated fatty acids have lower blood total cholesterol and low density lipoprotein cholesterol; and high density lipoprotein cholesterol nutrition does not decline. Dietary monounsaturated fatty acids are mainly oleic acid, such as various vegetable oils. Polyunsaturated fatty acid foods linoleic acid, α linolenic acid such, can make the serum total cholesterol and low density lipoprotein cholesterol, to prevent cerebrovascular disease benefit. So how to regulate the proportion of fatty acids in life? Animal foods contain more saturated fatty acids, should eat less fat and meat, to avoid excessive intake of saturated fatty acids; often eat the right amount of fish; appropriate increase in nuts, such as walnuts, etc .; cooking oil per person per day to 25 Grams (half) is appropriate; vegetable oil types, the proportion of fatty acids are also different, you can choose a variety of vegetable oil alternately. Such as food and cooking from the two aspects of oil, can be roughly three kinds of three kinds of fatty acids in the proportion of one-third. In addition, trans fatty acids such as margarine can significantly increase the risk of suffering from cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, causing greater arteriosclerosis. Cholesterol is an important component of human cells, and the impact of dietary factors on cholesterol has so far been controversial, emphasizing the increase in cereals, legumes, vegetables, fruits, lean meat, poultry, fish and skimmed dairy products. Mild cholesterol, dietary cholesterol intake of less than 300 grams per day, moderate or higher, dietary intake of less than 200 grams, do not eat animal offal, margarine, cream and other snacks. Other: ① high sodium can lead to high blood pressure, arteriosclerosis and other cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, not more than 6 grams per day is appropriate. ② calcium intake of 800 mg or more, because calcium can also reduce the level of cholesterol and triglycerides. More calcium foods: milk and products, soy products, shellfish, lean meat, sesame seeds and so on.③ eat about 500 grams of vegetables and fruits every day, green, red, white, yellow, purple should be replaced to eat, because vegetables and fruits can add enough vitamin and dietary fiber. ④ should eat some foods rich in trace elements, such as: seaweed, kelp, black fungus, mushroom and so on. The most important thing is to balance the diet, for hemiplegic patients, the following few words in the diet is worth learning: a reasonable diet, to promote light, eat tired, not enough, pay attention to drinking water, salt limit, quit smoking and drinking.

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